What Is Memory And How Many Types Does It Have
Memory is the mental capacity that allows us to store or retain information or a group of facts.
Memory is intrinsically related to the concept of learning-this being the knowledge and reasoning of that which is memorized.
Memory acts as a storage room (facts go in and out continuously) and, as I said before, memory resides in the part of the mind we refer to as the subconscious. Evidence of this is that everything we see or detect with any of our senses i unconsciously stored or memorized. We don’t provoke this to happen, nor are we aware of it as it occurs.
At any time of day, we can easily remember what we have been doing during the last few hours, or even days, and we remember this with ease, because we have been memorizing these events as time has gone by. This is possible thanks to a totally unconscious memory process.
Another way of demonstrating that the mind’s capacity to store data resides in the subconscious is how we are unable to control our memory under certain circumstances. For example, when we take important exams, many people suffer from a sort of cerebral paralysis, or mental block. This is caused by excess pressure and emotional tension, which can impede our memory (and other mental faculties) from working correctly.
If our memory were used and controlled consciously, we would never draw a blank, nor would it play tricks on us. How many times have you had something on “the tip of your tongue”? The harder you try to think of it, the harder it is to remember. Who hasn’t been fooled by his or her own memory?
Because our memory resides in our subconscious, we will never be able to dominate it 100 percent of the time. However, with practice and training we will be able to control it 99 percent of the time.
Well, we know that the memory is a storage room that stores information. It doesn’t matter if the information stored is visual, audio, or any other type of data. What really concerns us now is how to get the key to the storage room and, with that, gain absolute access to and control over this information. Thus, we are going to come to know its mechanisms, how it works, and the reason why it fails us at times. In summary, we are talking about getting the best performance out of memory and using it in the most efficient way.
Types of Memory
We can classify memory two different ways:
A) The duration of time we are able to retain memorized information:
1. SHORT-TERM MEMORY. For example: when someone tells us all the digits of a telephone number, many of us experience the following:
If we don’t jot it down immediately we will forget it.
We are only able to retain the digits for a few seconds.
Sometimes we repeat the number to ourselves incessantly, in order to hear it from our own voice and thus remember it better until we can write it down.
2.MID-TERM MEMORY. This Occurs when information is retained for one or two days maximum.
3.LONG-TERM MEMORY. This Occurs when information is retained over months or years and only requires the slightest stimulus to keep it sharp in our memory. An example of this could be the city in which we were born, the image of a sibling’s face, or our father’s voice.
Hope you enjoyed reading this article. Feel free to ask questions in the comments section